To be elected President of the United States, a candidate must earn 270 electoral votes. Each state has a specifically set amount of electoral votes. California has the most with 55, while Florida and New York follow with a whopping 29 electoral votes each. Why does Florida have so many electoral votes?
First, let's understand why the Sunshine State is such an important territory in the presidential election. Florida has been a "battleground" state in the most recent elections, with both Democratic and Republican nominees vying and campaigning mightily for the state's electoral votes. It's often the state that swings the election one way or the other. Ultimately, it's a big "get" if you want to be the Commander-in-Chief.
The number of electoral votes each state gets is equal to the number of Senators and Representatives each state has, according to BallotPedia, a website that explains political processes. Each state has two Senators and at least one Representative so every state gets at least three electoral votes, as World Atlas reports. However, the number of Representatives a state has in Congress is based on its relative population, according to Ballotpedia. The more populous a state, the more Representatives it sends to Washington, and therefore the more electoral votes it gets.
Since Florida is one of the most populated states in the country, it has more Representatives in Congress. It gets more electoral votes and therefore has a significant impact on the election. Florida's 29 electoral votes are a political magic number.