Crime Rates In New York City In 2014 Were Lower Than Anyone Expected

NEW YORK, NY - APRIL 19: New York City police officers watch over a crime scene where investigators searched for evidence of a six year-old boy who has been missing for 33 years April 19, 2012 in New York City. New York City police and F.B.I. investigators searched the basement of a building in New York's SoHo neighborhood for evidence of Etan Patz, a six year-old boy who disappeared 33 years ago on May 25, 1979. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
Source: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Hours before two police officers were wounded in a gunfight in the Bronx, New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that major crime in the nation's largest city was at an all-time low. In 2014, major crimes in New York fell 4.6 percent from 2013, bringing the crime rate down to the lowest its been in decades. But does that truly mean New York is safer?

Between the killings of unarmed men by police officers, the #BlackLivesMatter movement, and the mounting protests and general unease radiating from the New York Police Department, an outsider would believe New York City was truly at "wartime," as the police union Patrolmen's Benevolent Association put it in late December. But at a press conference on Monday, de Blasio quelled fears as he highlighted New York's record-low crime rate — a steep contrast from the New York City of your parent's generation.

"2014 proves to be the most extraordinary year of all," de Blasio told reporters. "2014 was a year of even greater achievement – a record-setting year, an extraordinary year."

Police Commissioner William Bratton added that New York is "the safest big city in America." Bratton said that the NYPD will now attempt to "further reduce crime through community relationships and the integration of technology."

So, just how record-setting and extraordinary was 2014 for New York City? The city had the fewest homicides, 332, since "the modern policing era began in 1993," de Blasio said. According to The Huffington Post, that number hasn't been so low since 1963.

Robberies and burglaries also dropped substantially in the last year. Robberies fell by nearly 14 percent since 2013, while burglaries decreased by 4 percent.

The decline is even more dramatic when you take the last 10 years into account: In 2005, there were about 25,000 robberies, compared to 16,500 in 2014.

Perhaps the most interesting stat in the new crime report is the decrease in officer-involved firearm discharges — when an officer takes out his or her gun, but doesn't cause any physical harm — over the last decade. There were more than 120 incidents of officer-involved firearm discharges in 2005, compared to around 75 in 2014.

"This is not just about numbers," de Blasio said on Monday, adding that every number "indicates a human life or a family." The mayor also tied the release of the historic crime report to the recent slayings of police officers Wenjian Liu and Rafael Ramos, who died on Dec. 20 in the line of duty:

These two brave men we lost – they contributed to this outstanding progress from last year. They didn't get to see the end of the year, but they were part of that success. They dreamed of doing this work their whole lives. You know their stories. They wanted to wear that uniform. They wanted to serve others. They wanted to work for just the kind of success that we're able to tell you about today. And if you know something about Detective Ramos and Detective Liu, you know they believed in building bridges between the police and the communities. 
Yet tensions are high among New York's blue-clad protectors, particularly in the precincts where crime remains high and violent. For example, the 81st precinct in Brooklyn, which Ramos and Liu were policing when they were killed, had 103 crimes in November 2014 — one of the highest in Brooklyn, despite also being one of the smallest precincts in the borough.

And in the 46th precinct in the Bronx, where the two plainclothes officers were wounded Monday night, 134 crimes were committed in November, according to NYPD data. The Bronx tends to have the highest crime rate out of all the New York City boroughs, with the 46th, the 40th and the 48th precincts seeing some of the highest crimes per residents.

However, Midtown South — or the MTS precinct — in the tourist-heavy Midtown Manhattan continues to have the highest per capita crime rate in all five boroughs, with a crime rate of 11.77 crimes per 1,000 residents. 

Images: Getty Images, NYPD.gov

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