If you've ever suffered a bad night's sleep and you weren't sure why, it's not likely you attributed it your menstrual cycle. But just like your hormones can affect your mood and your energy levels, there are ways your menstrual cycle can also affect your sleep. Depending on the time of the month, you might get better or worse sleep, and knowing how your hormones can play a role in how well you rest might help you adjust your habits to get a better night's rest.
"Sleep patterns are regulated by a complex interaction of hormones and other transmitters released in the brain," Dr. Adeeti Gupta, OB/GYN, tells Bustle. "Some of the processes involve the female hormones as well. Progesterone is one such important regulator. Its levels drop right before the period and are at their lowest then. So, women can sometimes have a poor quality sleep as well as night sweats [...] even if they are not in menopause."
This hormonal ebb and flow can affect women differently, so not everyone will experience the same changes in sleep patterns at each time of the month. But there are some common ways your hormones can play a role in how well you rest. Here are six ways your menstrual cycle can affect your sleep, according to experts.