The 2016 Iowa Caucus Made History

On Monday evening, the first election of the presidential primary season revealed which candidates are popular enough to stand as serious contenders in the race. There were a few unique characteristics of this year's historic Iowa caucus that made it worth watching. Though watching the results unfold probably wasn't as wildly entertaining as the presidential debates, the results represented some fascinating first-time feats for Republican and Democratic candidates, as well as for caucus-goers.

Entertainment aside, there's simply nothing like the caucuses. Participants don candidate buttons and political attire, candidates fit in some last-minute speeches on the ground, and journalists buzz around to catch every second of it. Contrary to primaries, caucuses reject secrecy and silence in exchange for vocal support and group discussions. Jennifer Glover Konfrst, head of Drake’s Strategic Political Communication Department, explained the anomaly to Des Moines' WHOtv:

There is no playbook for this. If you wrote about this in Hollywood no one would believe it.

Defying "playbook" rules, the caucus results revealed that Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz are forces with which to be reckoned. The popularity and heightened media coverage of Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton and Republican candidate Donald Trump, who were both leading in their respective polls, are not immune to the so-called underdog contenders ... at least, not yet. Joe Scarborough, host of MSNBC's Morning Joe, discussed the historic implications of the race with WHOtv before the caucus began:

A win by Bernie Sanders tonight and a win by Donald Trump tonight creates an earthquake in American politics. The likes of which, I can’t remember in my lifetime. That means the Republican Party and Democratic Party and the power structure in Washington D.C. are decimated all in one day. The people in Iowa can do that tonight. They can change history tonight, we’ll see if it happens.
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On State of the Union, Democratic candidate Bernie Sanders echoed the sentiment, and pushed for young people to help him rise up in the ranks:

All I know is, we are bringing out large numbers of people. We're creating a lot of excitement and energy on the part of people who really are tired of establishment politics and establishment economics.

The political establishment wasn't rattled to its core on either side of the party lines, but according to Iowa Democratic chairman Andy McGuire, this year's results were the closest they have ever been in Iowa Democratic caucus history. Those who voted for either Clinton or Sanders were largely divided by age demographics, meaning that Sanders successfully appealed to the young people upon whom he was counting. According to entrance polls collected by The New York Times, Sanders won 84 percent of votes from people age 29 or younger, surpassing the share of the youth vote received by Obama in the 2008 elections.


Though Hillary Clinton won the caucuses, Sanders came in close second. And while she may have won by less than a point, a victory's a victory, no matter what size. The moment is particularly significant for the nation, because Clinton is the first woman in history to win the Iowa caucuses.

The results of the Republican caucuses weren't a "virtual tie," but they were close nonetheless. Though Donald Trump was leading in Iowa's polls, Ted Cruz ultimately took home the cake, striding slightly ahead of the billionaire. Cruz's win might be surprising, but it's certainly not historic. The voter turnout among Republicans, however, broke records. According to Fox News, 182,000 Republican caucus-goers participated, beating 2012's 122,000 by a long shot.

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Overall, regardless of party affiliation, this year's Iowa caucuses were packed with first-time voters who had been inspired to participate. Fox News reported that four in 10 Iowans were first-timers, suggesting there's something special about this election season. It's firing people up. Considering how less than 20 percent of eligible American voters voted in 2012's primary elections (the lowest turnout in decades), let's hope the trend continues across the nation.