This week, Scottish Equality Network released a UK-wide report dissecting bisexual people's experiences with discrimination when accessing essential services, such as healthcare and counseling. The study, called "Complicated?: Bisexual people’s experiences of and ideas for improving services," revealed that 48 percent —practically half —of bisexual people have faced biphobia in these types of environments.
513 bi folks participated in the study from July 2013 - September 2013, and it is described as "the
first UK wide research report to focus specifically on bisexual
people’s experiences of accessing services." The Equality Network aimed to fill a gap in research about non-heterosexual orientations, since bisexuality had not been as extensively studied. In addition to the alarming rate at which bisexuals reported discrimination, another upsetting fact produced by the research is that "the
highest amounts of biphobia experienced are within LGBT services and [National Health Service] services." The prevalent biphobic incidents in LGBT spaces point to the issue of bi-erasure in LGBT communities. An interviewed participant said that “while attending LGBT services
they had 'heard lots of negative comments... and dismissal of the
need to include bisexual people.'” This would explain why 25 percent of participants reported feeling uncomfortable identifying as bisexual at LGBT services, and why 42 percent feel pressure "to pass as gay or lesbian when accessing services."
Interviewed subjects also experienced hostility from medical professionals, and described nurses denying medical treatment if their sexualities became known. One participant recalled a hateful nurse who said, “She’s not normal and just a greedy b***h,” and then refused her as a patient. As Tim Hopkins, Director of the Equality Network, said, “This leaves them at high risk of not getting appropriate information and support.”
While the report is the first of its
kind, the hate and marginalization exposed has long existed for
bisexual people. It “simply reflects the realities they have been
painfully aware of for a long time.”
Other key findings from the survey:
- 28 percent of bisexual people would
never feel comfortable informing their doctors of their sexuality.
- 38 percent of bisexual people, if their orientation was public, experienced sexual harassment while trying to obtain services. The report elaborates on this statistic, explaining that this is likely due to the stereotypes that all bisexual folks commit infidelity or are promiscuous.
- 66 percent of bisexual people feel pressure to pass as heterosexual when trying to obtain services.
- 61 percent of bisexual people reported experiencing “multiple discrimination,” meaning “the types of biphobia they experience depend on other aspects of their identity,” such as their race, ethnicity, religion, gender, disability, etc. Additionally, 35 percent of those surveyed identified as disabled.
The study not only aimed to illuminate frequent instances of biphobic discrimination, but also highlight stellar examples of inclusive services, and provide specific suggestions to help organizations improve bisexual inclusivity. Suggestions for organizations included reaching out to bisexual activists in order to evaluate their own interactions with bi folks, as well as improving the language used in these interactions. For example, the report explains that service providers should not use "gay" as a blanket term for all queer sexualities or struggles, as it contributes to bi-erasure. The report also expressed a need for improved representation in LGBT services; it recommends events that feature bi speakers, bi workshop facilitators, and programs that acknowledge bisexual issues, such as "safe sex information that is inclusive of multiple diverse gender combinations and behaviors."
"We hope that this report will help services to better understand and assist bisexual people,” said Hopkins.
Image: Aurélien Glabas/Flickr