How Many Abortion Clinics Are In My State? It Varies Widely
On Tuesday, Planned Parenthood said that it feared the only abortion clinic in Missouri may shut down if the state didn't renew its license. If that happens, Missouri may become the first state without a functioning abortion clinic since the Roe v. Wade decision. Given such circumstances, you may be wondering how many abortion clinics there are in your state.
Over the years, researchers have shown how crucial these clinics are to women's health care. On Wednesday, physician Colleen McNicholas, who performs abortions, told Elle about the dangers of shutting abortion clinics down. Without proper clinics available, pregnant people turn to self-induced abortions that can cause extreme physical trauma, McNicholas warned.
Furthermore, The Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive health care research organization, detailed the negative effects various abortion clinic regulations can have on pregnant people seeking care. Waiting periods spanning 24 to 72 hours, for instance, can end up causing severe mental and financial stress on them.
To be clear, no federal finances go toward paying for abortions in such centers. The Hyde Amendment prohibits any sort of federal funding for abortions. If you're interested, you can learn more about the 1976 federal provision and how it impacts women across the country.
It's important to note that at this moment, abortion is legal in all 50 states in America. However, in many cases, the issue is related to actually finding a clinic that can facilitate an abortion. Over the years, the number of abortion clinics in America has dwindled, CNN reported. In 1996, America had 452 abortion clinics. By 2005, the country had 381 facilities. In 2014, which is the latest year of available research from Guttmacher, the number of abortion clinics came down to 272.
The list below can give you a clear picture on where your state stands when it comes to abortion access.
According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in 2018, Alabama has only three abortion clinics in its state. This is especially concerning given the state passed a virtual ban on abortion on May 15. The extreme pass carries no exceptions for the survivors of rape and incest.
According to the Guttmacher Institute in 2014, there were eight "abortion-providing facilities" (though it doesn't specify any further than that) in Alaska. It added that three of them were clinics. Business Insider reiterated the statistic in 2017.
The research center added that Alaska is one of those states where pre-abortion counseling is mandatory and often used to discourage women from getting an abortion.
According to USA Today in 2018, the Arizona Department of Health Services reported that there were 19 abortion "providers" in the state. Guttmacher Institute's 2014 research stated that there were nine abortion clinics in the state. As Planned Parenthood noted, the title of a "provider" can be a reference to an individual doctor while "clinic" refers to an officially licensed facility.
Arkansas, which passed a bill on March 15 that bans abortion after 18 weeks into a pregnancy, had eight abortion clinics in 1992 and now has only three, per the ACLU in 2018. According to The Hill, the law may take effect in May (though the date hasn't been specified) but the Arkansas chapter of ACLU has already announced it will challenge the law in court.
In California, per Guttmacher Institute's 2014 research, there are 152 functioning abortion clinics.
There are 21 abortion clinics in Colorado, the Guttmacher Institute detailed in 2014. In some cases, progressive groups in the state, like the pro-choice group ProgressNow Colorado, have put up signs letting people know Colorado respects a person's right to a safe and judgment-free abortion.
There are 25 abortion clinics in the state of Connecticut, according to a Guttmacher Institute report from 2014.
Residents in Delaware have access to three abortion clinics in the state, Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014.
District of Columbia: 5
The District of Columbia has five abortion clinics, according to the research center's 2014 tally.
The Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014 that there are 71 abortion clinics in Florida.
Georgia, where a six week abortion ban passed recently, has 17 abortion clinics, Guttmacher Institute said in 2014. The so-called "heartbeat" ban has elicited criticism and boycotts from activists and celebrities alike.
The law could take effect in January 2020 but the ACLU has already declared to challenge it in court.
There are four abortion clinics in Hawaii, according to Guttmacher Institute's 2014 tally.
There are only three abortion clinics in Idaho, according to The Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
Per the Guttmacher Institute in 2014, there are 24 abortion clinics in Illinois.
Indiana has nine abortion clinics, the Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014.
Iowa has 12 abortion-providing clinics, the Guttmacher Institute stated in 2014.
There are only four abortion clinics in Kansas, per the Guttmacher Institute's research in 2014.
In Kentucky, ACLU reported in 2018 that there is only one abortion clinic.
There are three abortion clinics in Louisiana, according to the ACLU in 2018.
According to Guttmacher in 2014, there are four abortion clinics in Maine.
Maryland has 25 abortion clinics, according to Guttmacher Institute's research in 2014.
Massachusetts has 14 abortion clinics in its state, according to Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
In 2014, the Guttmacher Institute reported that there are 20 clinics that provide abortion in Michigan.
The Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014 Minnesota has six abortion clinics.
Mississippi, where a six-week abortion ban passed in March, has only one abortion clinic in its state, per CNN.
The law may take effect on July 1, however the Center for Reproductive Rights has challenged it in court and plans to delay its enactment, USA Today reported.
Missouri has only one abortion clinic, the Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014. As previously mentioned, it's in danger of closing if the state doesn't renew its license.
Montana has five abortion clinics, according to Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
According to Guttmacher Institute in 2014, Nebraska has three abortion clinics.
Nevada has eight abortion clinics in its state, according to The Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
New Hampshire: 4
There are four clinics that facilitate abortion in New Hampshire, per Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
New Jersey: 41
New Jersey has 41 abortion clinics, according to The Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
New Mexico: 9
The Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014 that there are nine abortion clinics in New Mexico.
New York: 95
The state of New York has 95 abortion clinics, the Guttmacher Institute calculated in 2014.
North Carolina: 16
Per Guttmacher's 2014 calculations, there are 16 abortion clinics in North Carolina.
North Dakota: 1
There is only one clinic that provides the procedure in North Dakota, per CNN.
According to the ACLU in 2018, there are 10 abortion clinics in Ohio.
Oklahoma has only three abortion clinics, per Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
The state of Oregon has 15 clinics that provide abortion, based on Guttmacher's 2014 research.
There are 20 abortion clinics in Pennsylvania, the Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014.
Rhode Island: 3
The Guttmacher Institute stated in 2014 that there are only three abortion clinics in Rhode Island.
South Carolina: 3
In 2014, Guttmacher Institute reported that South Carolina has three abortion clinics in total.
South Dakota: 1
According to CNN in 2019, there is only one abortion clinic in South Dakota.
In 2014, the Guttmacher Institute reported that Tennessee has seven clinics that provide abortion.
Texas has 28 abortion clinics, per Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
The Guttmacher Institute stated in 2014 that Utah has only two clinics that facilitate the procedure.
Vermont has six abortion clinics, according to the research center in 2014.
Virginia has 18 abortion clinics, Guttmacher Institute reported in 2014.
The state of Washington has 33 abortion clinics, according to Guttmacher's 2014 calculations.
West Virginia: 1
There is only one abortion clinic in West Virginia, per CNN.
Wisconsin has four abortion clinics at the state level, per Guttmacher Institute in 2014.
There is only one abortion clinic in the state of Wyoming, according to Mic.com.
A lot of factors impact whether an abortion clinic stays open or not, including if a state renews the clinic's license to perform the procedure.
As McNicholas told Elle on Tuesday, functioning abortion clinics are key to protecting public health. "The process of ensuring safe, patient health care has become a weapon of political agenda," McNicholas said, "and it must stop."
Correction: A previous version of this story misdated research from the Guttmacher Institute on the number of abortion clinics per state. It has been updated.