Migraine headaches are a nightmare for the millions of people who experience them every year, and when one hits, it can take a person out of commission for days at a time. If you've experienced one, you know how debilitating they can be — and you also know the lengths you'll go to when it comes to figuring out how to prevent migraines in the first place.
Different (and uglier) than your average headache, migraines are characterized by the wide range of symptoms that can accompany the throbbing head pain — which include (but are certainly not limited to) nausea, weakness or imbalance, mental fog, visual disturbances, and severe sensitivity to lights, sounds, and smells, according to the Association Of Migraine Disorders. Once a migraine hits, its effects can reportedly carry on for up to three days.
Living with migraines is not only frustrating because they're awful to experience, but also because experts still aren't sure exactly what causes them or how to prevent them. Like many ailments, the causes (and the effective treatments) vary widely from person to person.
Some common triggers include stress and anxiety, lack of sleep, and exposure to bright light, but there are also a lot of foods that cause and affect migraines — and some foods that can help you prevent them. As Dr. Lauren R. Natbony, assistant professor of neurology, headache and facial pain at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, tells Bustle, "Food can be used as part of a preventative tool for migraine." It's just a matter of knowing which foods.