9 Stats About Violence Against Women & Girls You Should Know For Orange Day

MANIKGANJ, BANGLADESH - AUGUST 19: 14 year old Mousammat Akhi Akhter poses in her home August 19, 2015 in Manikganj, Bangladesh. Last year, when she was only 13, Akhi got married a 27 year old man. She had finished 6th grade and wanted to wait until she was older to get married, but she says her parents felt social pressure to marry her young. In June of this year, Human Rights Watch released a damning report about child marriage in Bangladesh. The country has one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, with 29% of girls marrying before the age of 15, and 65% of girls marrying before they turn 18. The detrimental effects of early marriage on a girl cannot be overstated. Most young brides drop out of school. Pregnant girls from 15-20 are twice as likely to die in childbirth than those 20 or older, while girls under 15 are at five times the risk. Research cites spousal age difference as a significant risk factor for violence and sexual abuse. Child marriage is attributed to both cultural tradition and poverty. Parents believe that it 'protects' girls from sexual assault and harassment. Larger dowries are not required for young girls, and economically, women's earnings are insignificant as compared to men's. (Photo by Allison Joyce/Getty Images)
Source: Allison Joyce/Getty Images News/Getty Images

The UN Secretary General’s UNiTE to End Violence Against Women Campaign, which is managed by UN Women, has declared the 25th day of every month to be “Orange Day.” If you have no idea what the heck that means, don’t berate yourself too hard — it’s literally part of my job to write about women’s rights, but I didn’t know about Orange Day until I started researching for this article. Now that I know what Orange Day stands for, however, I’ll be observing it from now on — because it’s awesome, and we need it. In case you’re unaware, “Orange Day” is a monthly opportunity to take action to prevent the worldwide violence against women and girls.

This monthly observance is essentially an evolution of the UN’s International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, which takes place every November 25. As of January 2016, however, UN Women kicked Orange Day up a notch by proclaiming that, “Orange Days will highlight specific Sustainable Development Goals as they relate to violence against women and girls.” Each month focuses on a different goal, and this month, that goal is to “reduce inequality within and among countries.” 

Although noble, inspiring, and necessary, this goal won't be reached if we don’t work to inform ourselves and others regarding the global state of violence against women and girls. So even though it will probably infuriate you and raise your blood pressure considerably, here are nine things you need to know about violence against women and girls across the globe.

1. 1/3 Of Women Experience Physical Or Sexual Violence In Their Lifetimes — Mostly By An Intimate Partner

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UN Women reports that approximately 35 percent of women worldwide have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetimes, and more often than not, it's been at the hands of an intimate partner. (Though some national studies show that up to 70 percent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetimes.) 

2. Marital Rape Is Illegal In Only 52 Countries And It’s Semi-Legal In Several U.S. States

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According to the UN, only 52 countries have laws against marital rape, which means marital rape isn't even considered rape in more than 140 countries across the globe. In India, the issue of government-approved spousal rape is particularly tragic. In 2012, the southwestern Indian state of Karnataka ruled that denying your husband sex for no specific reason is a "form of cruelty." As The Huffington Post reported last year, India's Supreme Court passed a similar ruling two years later

Here in the U.S. — a nation where the state of women's rights has arguably come a long way — marital rape is still semi-legal in eight states, including Ohio and Connecticut. What's worse is, even this could be considered progress; until 1993, an American man in any state could only be charged with rape if the alleged victim wasn't his wife

3. Women With Disabilities Are Nearly Twice As Likely To Experience Intimate Partner Violence 

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As the American Psychological Association reports, women with disabilities are 40 percent more likely to experience intimate partner violence than able-bodied women, making them a population that is incredibly vulnerable to experiencing violence in their lifetimes. 

4. Nearly Half Of The Women Who Were Killed In 2012 Were Murdered By Intimate Partners Or Family Members

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UN Women reports that, of all the women who were victims of homicides in 2012, almost half were killed by intimate partners or family members. Comparatively, less than six percent of men killed in 2012 shared the same fate. Of course, this is still too high of a percentage — but it clearly shows that women are disproportionately affected by intimate partner violence, and far too often, it costs them their very lives.   

5. Over 100 Million Girls Worldwide Have Experienced Forced Intercourse At Some Point In Their Lives

According to UN Women, about 120 million girls have experienced forced intercourse, or some other form of forced sexual activity, in their lifetimes — meaning around one in 10 girls alive today have been forced into non-consensual sex. This is no doubt related to the fact that more than 700 million women living today were child brides, 250 million of which were married before their fifteenth birthday, but it also has to do with the pandemic that is intimate partner violence against women and girls. As the UN states, "By far the most common perpetrators of sexual violence against girls are current or former husbands, partners or boyfriends."

6. 70 Percent Of Human Trafficking Victims Are Women Or Girls

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Human trafficking impacts people of all ages, nationalities, and genders, but this horror disproportionately affects women and girls. According to UN Women, nearly half of all detected human trafficking victims are adult women. Additionally, women and girls combined make up about 70 percent of all human trafficking victims, and two out of every three child trafficking victims are girls.  

7. Transgender Women Are Most Likely To Experience Anti-LGBT Violence 

Transgender people are at greater risk of experiencing anti-LGBT violence than any other member of the LGBT community. In fact, a 2013 report from the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) states that 72 percent of victims of anti-LGBT homicide were transgender women, and 67 percent of anti-LGBT homicide victims were trans women of color. On top of all that, in August of last year, a Fusion analysis found that 20 transgender women had been killed in 2015 in the U.S. alone

8. 200 Million Women And Girls Alive Today Have Undergone Female Genital Mutilation

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Fortunately, the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) was finally banned in Nigeria in May of 2015. Unfortunately, this doesn't change the fact that at least 200 million women and girls alive today have been been cut in the over 30 countries where FGM has been documentedAccording to new estimates published on the United Nations’ International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation in 2016, in most of these nations, the majority of these girls were cut before their fifth birthdays

9. Nearly Half Of All Women In The U.S. And The EU Have Experienced Psychological Violence From Intimate Partner

Psychological violence may not typically end in broken bones or murder, but it's still immensely damaging, and it affects millions of women worldwide. The UN reports that 43 percent of women in the EU have experienced psychological violence at the hands of their partners, and the National Domestic Violence Hotline reports that nearly half of all women and men in the U.S. have endured psychological violence from an intimate partner.  

The Bottom Line

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While the stats above are discouraging and infuriating, it's important to remember that information and awareness is power. You can check out the UN's page on Orange Day for sample messages you can share on social media, and suggested Orange Day activities. We can all raise awareness, and even better, we can consider donating our money and time to making these stats less upsetting as soon as next month. 

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