11 Tips For Fighting Fairly & Productively In A Relationship

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We’re always hearing that we could be having better sex, a better orgasm, or a better relationship. But how often do we hear the nitty-gritty of how we can actually better understand our deepest desires and most embarrassing questions? Bustle has enlisted Vanessa Marin, a sex therapist, to help us out with the details. No gender, sexual orientation, or question is off limits, and all questions remain anonymous. Now, onto today's topic: how to fight fair in a relationship.

Q: “My partner and I don't fight that often, but when we do, I've realized he's "better" at fighting than I am. What I mean is, he doesn't get petty or insult me, whereas sometimes I find I say mean things I regret and just act more immature. How can I be sure to fight well in a relationship, making sure to get my anger or resentments out without creating hurt or more problems?”

A: Thanks for the question! Learning how to fight fair is one of life’s biggest challenges. It’s hard enough to communicate effectively when you’re calm; adding a layer of anger, hurt, frustration, or fear just makes it that much more difficult. It’s a tough task, but it’s one that we could all stand to tackle. Here are 11 tips for fighting fairly.

1. Learn Your Patterns

You may not realize it, but you’ve already taken a big step towards fighting more fairly — learning some of your bad habits. We can’t make improvements until we have a solid grasp of what needs to be improved. You said you have the tendency to say mean things and act immature. Is there anything else you would like to improve? What are your go-to moves during a fight? Think about your words and your actions.

2. ... And Your Triggers

It also helps to think about the situations that tend to bring out the worst in you. What do you guys tend to fight about? What words or actions tend to set you off? Are you more likely to act out if you’re tired, stressed, hungry, anxious, or busy? You know the phrase “set yourself up for success”? We’re going for the exact opposite here — what are the dynamics that set you up for bad behavior?

3. Learn By Example

You can also flip this around a bit and take a look at what your partner does so well. He doesn’t get petty, and he doesn’t insult you. What else do you admire about his arguing style? What would you like to emulate?

4. Address The Small Things

This is a good strategy for preventing yourselves from even getting to the fighting stage. Try to address things when they’re minor annoyances, and don’t let too many things pile up on your shoulders before addressing them with your boyfriend. The smaller your fights are, the easier it will be to practice good fighting habits.

5. Avoid "The Four Horsemen"

Now let’s turn to specific things to try during a fight. John Gottman is one of the pioneers in addressing effective communication. He has spent his entire career researching what works and what doesn’t in relationships. He created a model called "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" to address the most common dynamics that drive couples apart. If there’s one thing you take away from this article, try to keep The Four Horsemen in mind during arguments with your partner. If you can avoid these four characteristics, you’ll be in pretty good shape.

The Four Horsemen are:

  • Criticism. This is when you attack your partner’s character rather than share your feelings about a specific thing that they did. It’s fine to say, “I’m upset that you forgot our anniversary.” Not cool to say, “You’re so thoughtless. You always forget everything.”
  • Contempt. This includes meanness, ridicule, and sarcasm. Think, “you’re such an idiot” or “I can’t believe you messed this up yet again.”
  • Defensiveness. This is when you try to justify your actions with excuses, instead of just listening to your partner’s frustrations. For example, “I couldn’t do the laundry because you didn’t put your stuff in the hamper.”
  • Stonewalling. This is when you withdraw, shut down, or refuse to engage in the argument. You give your partner the cold shoulder. This can be done without words, or can include phrases like, “I’m not talking about this.”

6. Pretend Your Partner Is Someone Else

Here’s a funny little tip that I’ve found to be remarkably effective: when you’re in a fight, pretend that you’re arguing with your best friend. It’s my experience that partners tend to be harsher with each other than they are with anyone else. When we pretend we’re arguing with someone else, we tend to be more fair and generous.

7. Use “I” Language

Alright, so everyone knows this tip, but it’s still a goodie. When talking about your feelings and experiences, take ownership of them by prefacing everything with the word “I”. It sounds simple, but it’s amazingly effective. It helps you recognize that you’re responsible for your own feelings, and it prevents your partner from feeling defensive.

8. Don’t Say “Always” Or “Never”

This is another one you probably also already know, but that doesn’t make it any less effective. Don’t blow the argument up by using the words “always” or “never”. It’s certainly not true, and it makes your partner feel instantly on the offensive.

9. Try Different Things

There’s no one way to fight fair. Different techniques work for different people, and it’s hard to know what works for you without giving it a shot. Look up other articles about fighting fair, and pick a couple of techniques to try. Try a month where you give yourself a 10 minute timeout before resuming the conversation. The next month, try having a weekly check-in with your partner. Talk to each other about what you like and what you don’t like, and come up with your own system.

10. Focus On The Repair

Sometimes fights are unavoidable, and sometimes they get messy. It’s important to spend time trying to repair the rift once it’s over. That’s what helps us come together and feel like a couple again. Again, different things work for different people, but you might enjoy going on a walk together, saying some kind words to each other, or having make-up sex.

11. Don’t Expect Perfection

Just a quick note that, like everything else in life, perfection doesn’t exist when it comes to fighting. Even with the best of intentions, there are going to be times where you’re at your worst. Forgive yourself, ask your partner to forgive you, and move on.

Good luck!

Images: 20th Century Fox; Giphy