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What The Heck Does "Stan" Mean?

“A stan is basically a ride-or-die fan taken to the extreme.”

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The first time I saw the word "stan" used as something other than a nickname for the name "Stanley," I was in the depths of Tumblr and very confused. What does "stan" mean? Why was this blogger "stanning" for Zayn from One Direction (RIP)? Why did it sound so pervy? Why was it accompanied by a whole lot of references to fanfic involving Harry and Zayn in a deeply loving relationship? Questions upon questions, and no answers in sight.

So what exactly does "stan" mean, really? According to Urban Dictionary, "stan" is a portmanteau of the words "stalker" and "fan," and refers to someone who is overly obsessed with a celebrity. Pretty straightforward, right? "Stan" is no "on fleek," and for that I am grateful.

In addition to being easy to use, "stan" comes in handy all the time. A whole new world of (incorrectly) accusing people in my life of being more obsessive than me has opened up: "Ugh, Mom, you're such a stan for Masterpiece Theater!" "Ugh, Dad, stop stanning for Bob Dylan already!"

Ah yes, this slang I like.

Where does "stan" come from?

Well, guys, in this case, you can thank Eminem (bet that's a sentence you never thought you'd hear). In 2000, the rapper released "Stan" as the third single off his award-winning album The Marshall Mathers LP. The song, about an obsessive fan named Stan who kills his pregnant girlfriend and then himself after Eminem refuses to answer his letters, topped the charts in Australia and the UK; it didn't do too badly in the U.S., either.

“A stan is basically a ride-or-die fan taken to the extreme. And while the original meaning based on Eminem's song and the way the name coincidentally works as a combination of ‘stalker’ and ‘fan’ is extremely harsh, many people we would think of today as ‘stans’ are just super devoted to their favorite artist or celebrity and particularly vocal about it on social media,” says Arianna Jeret, deputy editor at Your Tango, who also wrote a deep dive into the usage of “stan.”

Soon after Eminem released the single, "Stan" began being used to describe people who go above and beyond the average loyalty of most fans. I think my favorite online definition thus far is, "Basically it describes someone who is all up on their favorite artist's schlong, and can't take criticism or the slightest negative about said artist." Makes sense; I definitely know a few stans like this.

Oh, and yes, in the official music video, Stan is played by Devon Sawa, aka Casper the Friendly Ghost, aka my first celebrity crush. I'm upset on so many levels by this revelation.

So "stan" is, like, a bad thing, right?

Well, in typical Internet-age form, "stan" has gone through so many iterations and usages that it no longer holds the connotation of an abusive, letter-writing creeper, so that's good. Depending on who you're talking to, "stan" can have sinister, pathetic, or just obsessive undertones.

Similarly, it tends to be used in the same hyperbolic, slightly ironic way that a whole lot of slang is used nowadays. So when I say, for example, that I am a John Mulaney stan, I do not mean that I am sending him locks of my hair. I just think he's the smartest, most talented, handsomest, noodle-y guy ever and would definitely cry if I saw him perform live and I follow his dog Petunia on Instagram like it's really not even a big deal so relax.

...No, seriously, relax; what I'm saying is that people tend to self-identify as stans. It just means that you like something or someone a whole lot. Now leave me alone so I can watch John's standup on YouTube for the next four hours in peace.

If "stan" originated in 2000, why am I only hearing about it now?

I know — I felt the same way when I set out to uncover the secrets of "stan." The foremost reason seems to be that stan has stayed tucked away inside specific fandoms, like K-Pop circles, for years; it's only now beginning to see the light of day in mainstream media (hence why it is so popular on Tumblr). As social media platforms increasingly cross-pollinate, niche slang words like these are blowing up left and right.

And according to Jeret, “Eminem's "Stan" was released in 2000, and everything 2000s has been slowly building to trend over the last few years. The term provides the perfect blend of nostalgia for Gen X/Millennials and novelty for their Gen Z kids.”

Jessie J's grateful reference to her stans in 2012, during which she credited them with her commercial success and dubbed them "Heartbeats," may have been the slow-burn catalyst that "stan" needed. Granted, soon after the issuing of this verbal thank you note, one of her stans broke their own leg to mimic Jessie J's injury and sent her pictures... but not all stans go to those sorts of extremes. Promise.

Wait — so how do I use “stan” again?

All kinds of ways, friends! That's the beauty of it.

You can use it as a verb!

You can use it as a noun!

Jeret provides some examples of her own:

  • In fun (as a verb): I stan Harry Styles and his ridiculous talent.
  • In fun (as a noun): Ariana Grande stans cannot wait for her to release a new album.
  • In the extreme: Those Joss Whedon stans will stop at nothing to troll people who speak out against him.

You can stan for people! You can stan for things! You can even stan for whole families, as demonstrated by this Kardashian stan Tumblr (warning: Autoplay music ahead).

So there you have it: Everything you could possibly want to know about this strange and mysterious slang word. Go forth and stan, my friends — stan wisely, and stan well.

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